2. Perfume and Sunshine: a Recipe for Black Spots on the Skin
Although perfumes may seem an unlikely culprit, they can be an indirect cause of dark spots. Many perfumes contain photosensitizers that make your skin sensitive to the sun’s rays, leading to hyperpigmentation, or dark spots.
Bergamot oil in perfumes can make your skin sensitive to the sun’s rays.
This temporary skin condition, known as berlock dermatitis, develops when your skin is exposed to sunlight after coming into contact with perfume containing photosensitizers. The condition has been linked to bergamot oil, which, unfortunately, is used in one in three perfumes. To prevent this kind of black spot appearing on your skin, avoid perfumes containing bergamot oil and only apply perfume to areas of skin that are not exposed to sunlight.
3. Acne and Other Kinds of Skin Inflammation
Severe acne can result in scars and marks that lead to dark spots on your skin. This kind of dark spot is known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, and it occurs when the skin heals after an injury or trauma and leaves behind some discoloration.
4. Itching to Scratch? Don’t.
Scratching mosquito bites and pimples can cause scars and marks
Resist the urge to scratch or pop pimples and insect bites. Doing so can irritate your skin, triggering a defense mechanism that induces melanin production, which in turn leads to black spots on your skin. And yes, that means that you should do your best to avoid scratching that mosquito bite, tempting though it may be – it can also turn into a dark spot. Although these blemishes usually fade in about three months, when exposed to the sun without protection, the healing period could last up to two years.
5. Hormonal Fluctuations
Hormones are linked to a common type of hyperpigmentation called melasma, which leads to patches of brown to gray-brown discoloration, usually on the face. Pregnancy and hormonal drugs such as the contraceptive pill can contribute to these dark spots. Since sunshine can worsen any existing tendency to melasma, be sure to wear sunscreen and suitable sun protection. Products that irritate the skin can exacerbate the condition, so if you suffer from melasma, it’s best to use gentle products that are kind to skin.
Hormone imbalance leads to dark spots.
A better understanding of the different types and causes of dark spots that can appear on your face is the first step to avoiding them. But, of course, that’s only half the battle. Ready to discover the best ways to get rid of the dark spots already on your face? Read more to find our definitive list of home remedies and professional solutions for black spots on skin.